Formation of the Himalayas
The Majestic Himalayas spread from west to east for about 2,500 km in a curve is considered as the youngest mountain ranges in the world. The entire Himalayan mountain range passes through India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bhutan, China and Nepal.
According to the geologists the origin of Himalayas dates back to more than 70 million years ago when due to a series of stages the north-moving Indo-Australian Plate, moving at about 15 cm per year, collided with the Eurasian Plate. This powerful movement of the earth and later-on collision led to the formation of the Himalayan range.
The impact was so powerful that it raised the deposits, which were laid down in the shallow Tethys Sea, where the present mountain is located. Even today there are constant changes and developments going on in the mountains due to earthquakes and tremors. Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal along with the Arakan Yoma highlands in Myanmar were also formed as a result of the collision.
Geographical changes frequently occur beneath the earth’s surface due to which the plates collide, recede and slide from each other at about 2cm/year. Due to the seismic activity beneath the earths surface the Himalayas rise by about 5mm per year. The entire region is very active and prone to earthquakes due to the movement in the Indian plate. In future also there will be movements which will result in causing changes in the structure of the Himalayas.